SYLLABUS OF BOTANY (HONOURS)

B.SC PART-I(Honours)

Paper-I

Full Marks : 75

Duration : 3 hours

INSTRUCTIONS: Ten questions shall be asked. Each question will carry equal marks. First question is compulsory and shall consist of Ten Multiple Choice Questions. The rest questions will be of subjective type which may include long questions and short notes.

GROUP – A: CRYPTOGAMS

Algae:

(1) General characteristics & classification of algae, (2) General characteristics of Cyanophyceae with reference to Oscillatoria and Rivularia, Nostoc, Anabaena, (3) Structure and life history of the following genera with reference to alternation of generation: Volvox, Oedogolnium, Coleochaete, Chara, Ectocarpus, Fucus, Batrachospermum and Polysiphonia. (4) Study of Economics importance of Algae.

Fungi:

(1) General Characters classification and Economic importance of Fungi, (2) Structures and life history of the following genera : Synchytrium, Albugo, Erysiphe, Peziza, Ustilago, Puccinia, Alternaria, & Cercospora.

Lichen:

General Account.

Group – B

Bryophytes : (1) General characteristics, classification and Economic importance of Bryophytes. (2) Structures and life history of the following genera with reference to comparative studies of gametophytes and sporophytes: Marchantia, Pellia, Anthoceros, Sphagnum and Polytrichum.
Pteridophytes : (1) General characters and classification. (2) Stelar evolution. (3) Structures and life history of the following: Psilotum, Lycopodium, Selaginella, Equisetum, Marselia and Azolla.
Fossils : Study of Rhynia, Lepidodendron and Calamites.

B.Sc. Part I BOTANY (HONOURS)

Paper- II

MICROBIOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY

Full Marks : 75

Duration: 3 hours

INSTRUCTIONS: Ten questions shall be asked. Each question will carry equal marks. First question is compulsory and shall consist of Ten Multiple Choice Questions. The rest questions will be of subjective type which may include long questions and short notes.

GROUP-A

1. Historical background of Microbiology.
2. Techniques of isolation for micro-organisms and culture media preparation.
3. Modern concepts about bacterial cell.
4. Structure and nature of TMV and Bacteriophage.
5. Role of microbes in nitrogen fixation.
6. Industrial Importance of bacteria and fungi.
7. Microbial degradation of agricultural produce in storage.

GROUP-B

8. Role of Toxins and Enzymes in Plant Diseases.
9. Important plant diseases of Bihar, Etiology, symptoms and control of the following diseases:
(a) Late blight of potato (b) Loose smut of wheat
(c) Rust of linseed (d) Red rot of sugarcane
(e) Citrus canker (f) Tobacco mosaic virus
(g) Tundu disease of wheat (h) Little leaf of brinjal.
10. Transmission of Plant viruses and control measures.

B.Sc. Part I BOTANY (HONOURS)

PRACTICAL PAPER

Cryptogams + Microbiology

Full Marks: 50

Duration: 4 HOURS

1. Morphology and structural details of the forms prescribed in the syllabus and their temporary stained microscopic slide preparations.
Pteridophyte 7
Algae 5 20
Bryophyte 5
Lichen/Fungi 3
2. Study of bacterial and viral diseases and staining technique of Gram (+) and Gram (-) bacteria. Or
Preparation of a solid culture medium. Or
Technique of isolation and inoculation of fungi.
3. Study of local fungal diseases.
4. Comment upon sports (5) from the syllabus
5. Class Record.
6. Viva-voce